Gem Stones
Gem Stones
Sri Lanka was known as Ratna-Dweepa which means Gem Island. Sri Lanka Gems are prominent internationally for their exquisiteness, dazzling color, clarity cut and the value for many decades. Sri Lanka has the highest density of gem deposits and Ratnapura which means "city of gems," contains the most gem deposits and derived its name from the gem industry. Ancient Greek and Chinese historians referred to the gorgeous gems of Ceylon, and King Solomon allegedly wooed the Queen of Sheba with Ceylonese precious stones. Even the renowned Venetian merchant traveler Marco Polo wrote of his visit in 1292: "I want you to understand that the island of Ceylon is, for its size, the finest island in the world, and from its streams come rubies, sapphires, topazes, amethyst and garnet."

Numerous Sri Lankan precious stones on British Crown Jewels including Princess Diana's famous Blue Sapphire came from Sri Lanka. The Gemstones of Sri Lanka includes Blue Sapphires, Star Sapphires, Rubies, Pinks, Yellows, Orange Sapphires, Padparadschas, Cats Eye, Alexandrite, Chrysoberyls, Garnets, Spinets, Moonstones, Aquamarines, and Topazes. The Blue Sapphire is Sri Lanka's gem supreme and is highly prized of all gems.

ALEXANDRITE
Alexandrite is a range of chrysoberyl, which idyllically shows a distinct colour change from green in fluorescent light or daylight to red in incandescent light. According to a famous but controversial story, alexandrite was discovered by the Finnish mineralogist Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld (1792–1866), and named alexandrite in honor of the future Tsar Alexander II of Russia.

GARNET
The Garnet is known as the stone for a successful business. It is believed garnets will cure depression as well as helps to protect one on trips. The Garnet is also a stone of purity and truth as well as a symbol of love and compassion. The most esteemed garnet is an emerald green variety called demantoid and is a member of the adradite group. Garnets are a correlated group of minerals. Members of this group comprise: almandine (red to violet red); spessartite (yellow, rose, or orange to reddish-brown); pyrope (deep red); grossular (white, yellow, yellow-green, brownish-red, orange or black); andradite (colorless, yellow-green, or brown to black).

TOURMALINE
Tourmaline is one of the most noteworthy gems for metaphysical use, and it comprises a broad assortment of diverse forms, colors and energy spectrums. Tourmaline can be found on every continent but excellent tourmaline gems are considered rare and come in high prices. The Chinese have used tourmaline for centuries to carve and engrave figures. Some are even still on display in museums, a testament as to the durability of the stone. The gem was also highly valued by alchemists who, perhaps because of its pyroelectric effect, believed it to be related to the philosopher's stone.

TOPAZ
Topaz is a soothing, empathetic stone that will direct energy to the place it is most required. It heals and energizes (In the early periods, it was considered that mixing the powdered stone in wine cured asthma, insomnia, burns and hemorrhages). Topaz is an advocate of truth and forgiveness. Topaz occurs in a variety of dissimilar colors: deep golden yellow (Imperial Topaz), blue, light to medium brown (Champagne Topaz), pink, and white, or clear topaz.

MOONSTONE
The moonstone is associated with the moon and was the stone of the goddess Diana. The most powerful time to use the moonstone is in a full moon.It has been worn as an amulet to bring good emotions to the wearer, while protecting those of a sensitive nature. It can reunite lovers who have quarreled. Moonstone is also considered a good luck stone. The most precious of the feldspar gems. Moonstones are typically colourless to white, semi-transparent to translucent, and characterized by a glowing light effect known as adularescence, the visibility of which is limited to a restricted angle of view.

ZIRCON
During the Middle Ages, hyacinth was declared to have the power of inducing sleep, of promoting riches, honour and wisdom and of driving away plagues and evil spirits. The pale yellow to colourless stones from Ceylon were called jargoons. Zircon occurs in several colors, including red, pink, brown, yellow, hazel, or black. It can also be colorless. The color of zircons can occasionally be changed by heat treatment. Depending on the amount of heat applied, colorless, blue, or golden-yellow zircons can be made.

PERIDOT
Peridot is mention in numerous ancient references as chrysolite. It is mentioned throughout the Bible, and early Christians considered it consecrated. Catholic Bishops customarily wear a ring of peridot and amethyst as a sign of purity and morality. Napoleon once made a gift of peridot to Josephine as a representation of undying love and admiration. In ancient times, it was alleged that a dream about peridot foretold impending danger. Peridot is a gem variety from the olivine mineral group. The bottle green color is called peridot. Yellowish green is chrysolite. Olive green is olivine.

CHRYSOBERYL
Most attractive when cut as a cabachon, Chrysoberyl is a sign of tolerance, goodness, pride and harmony. It usually comes in green and yellow colors and is related with nobler actions and those who always think of doing well for. It is also worn by successful astrologers of world-wide reputation. Chrysoberyl was very popular in Victorian and Edwardian times, when it was often inaccurately referred to as Chrysolite.

AMETHYST
The word amethyst derives from the Greek meaning "without drunkenness" and amethyst is alleged to guard one from poison. The amethyst has long been used to open the spiritual and psychic centers, making it one of the power stones. The amethyst symbolizes piety, humility, sincerity and spiritual wisdom. Amethyst ranges in color from light lavender to dark purple.

CITRINE
A translucent range of quartz and silicon dioxide occurring in yellow to red-orange to orange-brown. The name is derived from citron, which is French for lemon. It is habitually referred to as a 'Merchant Stone,' as it not only attracts wealth, but also because it enhances self-esteem and raises your focus. Citrine is focused on assisting you to get a positive outlook on life, growing your success and happiness while also assisting in dispelling negative energy. Even in modern day China, citrines are still famous gemstones, particularly among scholars, teachers and students.

RUBY
Rubies have always played a significant part in the world of gemstones, particularly in Asia. In India it has had a well-known role in literature for over two millennia. They were used to decorate crowns, armor and jewelry of nobility. The most significant facet in the value of a ruby is colour. Besides colour, other aspects that influence the value of a ruby are clarity, cut, and size. A well-cut stone should reflect backlight consistently across the surface without a dark or washed-out area in the centre that can result from a stone that is too deep or shallow. In Sanskrit the word for ruby is 'ratnaraj' which loosely interprets as 'king of gemstones'. The king of gemstones of course comes with numerous benefits. A ruby stone benefits those who are leaders, both secular and religious as well as those who desire to become a leader. Also since Red is the color of love and passion, rubies are extremely precious for those in a relationship or are looking for one.

SAPPHIRE
Sapphire has long represented truth, sincerity, and faithfulness. The British Crown Jewels are filled with big blue sapphires, the sign of pure and wise rulers. It was alleged to guard the wearer against capture by a foe as well as to win the favor of princesses. A sapphire is typically blue, although pink, yellow and even white or colorless sapphires are probable. Made of an aluminum oxide called corundum, it is the hardest natural mineral after diamonds.

BLUE SAPPHIRE
A sapphire means blue in Greek. The blue goes from dark blue almost black to pale blue. The finest blue sapphires are a strong blue. The star sapphire is very valued. Sapphires contribute to mental clarity and perception. They can promote financial rewards. The Sri Lankan Blue Sapphire is renowned for its exquisiteness, possessing the magnificent cornflower blue shade as well as for being one of the few sapphires in the planet that can be sold as an entirely natural stone without heat treatment. Majority of the fine sapphires on the market come from Sri Lanka, which produces a broad variety of gorgeous blues from delicate sky blue colours to rich saturated hues.

BERYL
The range of beryl includes aquamarine, emerald, morganite, goshenite or helidor. While aquamarine and emerald are luxurious and usually used by gem lovers, the other varieties are not so commonly used. The ancient Greeks used the refracting properties of beryl to create the first spectacles known to mankind. Beryl originates from Mesopatamia and was worshiped as a magic stone by the ancient Hebrews. Beryl assists to create a positive attitude when under stress and enables feelings of peace and joy while also providing clarity of thought.

SPINEL
The name spinel is derived from the Greek 'spinther,' which means sparkling. It was esteemed as a gemstone and protective stone by the Greeks and Romans due to its dazzling colors. The 361 carat Timur Ruby is the world's most famous spinel. Spinel is a gemstone that is cherished for its own beauty. It's magnificent brilliance, hardness and wonderful variety of fabulous colors makes this gemstone a favor among dealers. Its colors range from reds, pinks, violet, and blues.

QUARTZ
Quartz is the most widespread mineral on the face of the Earth. Rose quartz is frequently referred to as the stone of universal love. It assists in bringing trust and harmony into relationships and helps balance emotions. This is a stone that creates happiness to the owner. As a gemstone of the heart, rose quartz benefits are typically centered around it. It benefits the heart, the circulation of blood and the blood itself. However mostly it is used to calm people, reducing stress and anxiety.

CAT'S EYE
Cat's eye has been observed as a preserver of good fortune. British royalty frequently use it as an engagement stone. The ideal colours of the chrysoberyl cat's-eye are yellowish-brown, which is called the honey colour, and the yellow-green, which is called the apple green colour. There are two varieties of cat's eye. The alexandrite cat's-eye and the chrysoberyl cat's-eye. Cat's eye stone is highly suggested for those who do business. It guards the wearers against losses in business and guarantees financial steadiness.

AQUAMARINE
Aquamarine is most influential as a meditation stone, as it brings an enormous peace and serenity. Aquamarine blue is a heavenly and eternal color, since it is the color of the sky and sea water. Aquamarine is a blue to greenish-blue or bluish-green variety of beryl. The Romans used the aquamarine for diseases of the stomach, and alleged it could heal liver and throat dilemmas.

DIAMOND
The diamond is the hardest gemstone and one of the most esteemed one. It does come in yellowish colors, green and blue, but the clear or white one is the most used in jewelries. Diamonds have been prized as Crown jewels and are also used on engagement rings. Diamonds represent faithfulness, love, purity, innocence, and relationships filled with love.

EMERALD
The emerald is the hallowed stone of the goddess Venus. The emerald has long been the symbol of hope and love. Ancient records explain that the stone was traded in Babylonian markets as early as 4,000 BC. Because of their green color, emeralds are linked with reincarnation and spring as well as are said to enhance ingenuity. They moreover unlock the door to new possibilities.

TURQUOISE
Turquoise is one of the oldest defense amulets, and was also identified as a sign of wealth in many ancient civilizations. This gem stone is a stone of self-comprehension assisting you to better comprehend yourself, your ideas and emotions. It is a magnificent aid in regards to any type of analytical judgment. Turquoise also assists us converse clearly what we want, and to then be able to communicate our desires to others in a way they can comprehend.